SAPA, Vietnam: 2019 Ethical Travel Guide

Paula Martinelli Ethical Traveling, Sapa, Travel, Vietnam 2 Comments

Ethical Tourism in Sapa and why I recommend booking an independent homestay

Ethical travel is about creating better places to live and better places to visit - These 7 steps on my Ethical Travel Guide for Sapa help highlight why it is important to hire a local guide and to book an independent homestay if you are going to trek in Sapa.

We travelers are generally curious people and we all have plenty of questions, especially when it comes to ethical tourism. I learn as I go, and many destinations and activities I have participated in give me the chance to learn something new.

The purpose of my blog is not only to highlight how important ethical travel is, but also, to be able to share my experiences and tips on how to support local communities.

My best personal definition of ETHICAL TRAVEL is: Respect the people, culture and traditions of the places I visit, and engage with them in an open, dignified way. I seek the opportunity to learn from them, and always leave something good behind.

Now, back to Sapa. What makes Sapa a special place? Sapa is extraordinarily beautiful, one of the best places for trekking in Vietnam, and is home to the country's tallest mountain—Mt Fansipan.

But the most special thing about Sapa is that it is home to five ethnic minorities of Vietnam: H’mong, Red Dao, Tay or Choang, Giay, and Phu La (Yi). Each group has a fantastic history and profound culture that will surely attract your curiosity.

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1- Give Back to the Local Communities

When trekking in Sapa, hire a local guide directly, stay with the family and see where your money is going. This is a great way to help the local community! 

By going direct, the families and community benefit directly from the money you spend, rather than a small portion coming from a tour company. You can also find ways to contribute to the tribes financially or through spreading the word of your experience to attract more ethical travelers to visit this beautiful region and experience the amazing culture.

You can pre-book with a local guide from a tribe, or make arrangements upon your arrival to Sapa Town. There are many ladies that meet the bus as it arrives, looking for tourists to guide.


Sapa Vietnam - Black H'mong ladies

2- Avoid organized tours where is possible

During my research prior to trek in Sapa, I read that some of the local tour companies do not do a fair business with the ladies they hire to take tourists on the tour. While I was there, I confirmed that they charge the tourists full price, and only pay a very small commission (much less than half) to the ladies who do the work guiding tourist groups. If you hire the guides directly, the money will help clothe the children, buy supplies for their school, invest in their houses and go back into the community.

3- Homestay is the BEST option

The best and most ethical way to go is to stay in a homestay. Aside from the experience of a lifetime, you will be giving back to the community. The family will charge you a fair price, and this money helps the family to improve their houses and support their kids in school. The money goes directly to the family, not to a tour company.

It is also the best opportunity to live and experience the essence of the places I visit. The more I research, learn and interact with local people and immerse in the local culture, the more fulfilling my experience will be.

It is also the most economical option - To stay with a local family, and experience homestay is a cheaper option compared to the organized tour agencies and hotels.

More authentic – If you are like me, and like to skip the touristy, crowded places this is the best option. The local ladies will take you to their villages and nearby villages and introduce you to their families, friends, local market, culture, etc. You will eat with the family and get a true cultural immersion. This IS NOT a visit to a human zoo; this is a unique chance to be an active observer and contribute positively to your hosts.

4- Local guides discourage supporting kids working for tourism

Many of the ladies also have children, and they are aware of the bad practices around local tourism. Never forget, don't give money to children or buy from them. The kids will offer you little hand-made souvenirs and they will follow you saying “buy from me” (commonly referred to as “zombie children”). Even if you get tempted to buy or give to the adorable kids, please don’t. This type of practice will encourage kids to stay away from school in order to try to make a few dollars. Children should be in school, and if we don’t support this type of practice, they will have no reason to skip school. Don’t support “zombie children”!

I saw many small children, dirty and poorly dressed in Sapa Town (the main city where you arrive), begging and selling small things. When I left Sapa Town following my guide up the path into the mountain, a boy of about 10 followed us. After a while, I asked my guide who the boy was. Bau said she did not know him. We walked for 4-5 hours to get to my guide's village with the boy in tow. Bau suspected that he was following us to learn the different mountain paths so that he could work as a guide. While I could not help but admire this boy's spirit (walking in the rain, ascending mountain paths in flip flops, following closely but not too closely, being ever respectful, etc.), it was also heartbreaking that he was taking this path in life, and not getting an education. When we stopped in a village for lunch, he seemed to know some of the people there and stayed with them as we continued on. I suppose it was a chance for him to warm up and take some of the chill off.

2 of Bau's daughters and a nephew
2 of Bau's daughters and a nephew

5- The local ladies do a phenomenal job

My guide Bau is a young lady, married with 3 beautiful children. Her sweet mom, “Momma Lily”, lives with them and helps to take care of the kids. Bau works very hard and is dedicated to providing a better life for herself and her family.

During the summertime the family plants rice on the steppes of the mountain surrounding her village and during the low season, she gives tours to provide the family income. Just like the majority of the women in Sapa, they are expected to work and help care and provide for the family. Bau's English is excellent. She learned by herself and working with tourists is how she practices and improves. She cannot read or write in English beyond a few basic phrases, but I gave her a Vietnamese/English dictionary and she has been practicing.

Based on our conversations, she impressed me as not only a strong, intelligent woman but also an entrepreneur. Her dream is to build a bigger house so she can accommodate her guests in more comfort, without losing the experience of a homestay. If you are interested in hiring Bau as your guide, please email me and I will be so happy to refer her. Bau and all the wonderful strong women in Sapa (and their families) deserve and need our support.

H'mong Tribe women
It is all about love...
Bonding with H'Mong
and making new friends and new memories

6- The Locals want to interact and also learn from us

I felt so welcomed among the Black H'mong tribe. The people were so kind, open and willing to share anything they had.

Our host was so curious about my life and culture. It was incredible to exchange our life experiences.

When we were done trekking for the day, we just sat around the fire interacting, entertaining and learning from our host family. We simply talked, shared ourselves and appreciated the little things more than ever.

The kids are so curious about us and they pay close attention to our cultural behavior. They want to interact with you and they are extremely happy to share their house and playtime. I brought crayons and coloring books for the kids, and it was amazing to watch them color. They were so appreciative and they treated all the crayons and coloring books like precious treasures. They asked me to color with them, it was so much fun.

7- Life Lessons - Back to Basics

It was amazing to hike among the gorgeous misty mountains. At the end of a long day of hiking in Sapa and learning everything Bau had to teach us about the area and the Black H’mong, we stopped to buy fresh ingredients in a village market.

When we arrived back at the house, Bau cooked the most delicious meal in the fire pit in the middle of the kitchen floor. While she cooked, I just spent time playing with the kids. I am surrounded by smartphones, tablets, TV’s and computers in my day-to-day life, and it was refreshing to see kids play together without the modern devices we so often cling to in the "modern world".

Black H'mong Girls just want to have fun....and to have shots!

Hike and Homestay in Sapa created such Unique Memories that will Last a Lifetime

Amazing scenery and learning about the world that the H'mong inhabit, from plants to animals, food and culture, how kids are raised, why they make their clothes, etc. The personal interactions with our guide were LIKE A LIVING CLASSROOM OF MY FAVORITE SUBJECT!

Truly being there, living and experiencing such a different life created memories (of moments and people) that are so vivid and profound. This was not something that I saw through a car window, passed by on the street, or watched on TV.

The abstract became real and I could see, touch, feel, smell and taste...I was in real life! SO ALIVE, doing what I love!

I really became friends with Bau and her family. It was great to see them learning how to write in English so we can communicate by text message. It fills my heart every time I receive a message or a phone call from my Black H’mong friends. We maintain contact and talk and text frequently. If you thinking about trekking in Sapa, you can check my Sapa trekking itinerary in detail.

Traveling to Vietnam? Check out my complete Vietnam Travel Guide

Can you tell I was having fun on the "dance floor"?
Can you tell I was having fun on the "dance floor"?

My guide Bau

If you are interested to hire Bau to be your guide, please contact me here 

The misty mountains in Sapa

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  1. Pingback: Top 5 reasons why Sapa was the best part of my trip to Vietnam | Paula Pins The Planet

  2. Pingback: Sapa - 3 days trek and homestay - Paula Pins The Planet

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