Jalapao Brazil: A hidden ecological paradise in Brazil ( Complete guide + Itinerary)


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Jalapao Brazil - Travel Guide + Itinerary

Congratulations! You just found the most complete Jalapao Brazil Travel Guide and Itinerary available today – Even better? Prepared by a local 😉

Have you heard of Jalapão a hidden gem in Brazil?

Don’t feel bad if you answer no. Most Brazilians have also never heard of this paradise for nature and adventure lovers either in the hear of Brazil.

This itinerary to Jalapão, Brazil will take you to places rarely visited that offer a vast area of wilderness, mixing waterfalls, sand dunes, freshwater springs, and much more.

Exotic, untouched, remote, vast, and curious even in the name: Jalapão

Brazil is a vast and wonderful country with so many natural beauties to be explored.  Besides beaches and bustling cities, there are also places where calm and nature prevail, such as Jalapão.

Jalapão is a beautiful blend of the American Grand Canyon, the African Savannas, the Sahara Desert, and the Brazilian Northeastern Beaches.

A mirage in the desert of Tocantins state! 

Embark on this adventure with me and get to know the main highlights of this magical place: Jalapao Brazil!

Jump to:

dunes adventure in nature Brazil

In this Jalapao, Brazil Itinerary, you will find:

    • Jalapao5-day itinerary Overview
    • Why you will love to visit Jalapao
    • Jalapao Orientation & Map
    • Things you need to know before you visit Jalapao, Brazil
    • What are the Fervedouros in Jalapao
    • JALAPAO 5 DAYS DAY BY DAY ITINERARY: Detailed itinerary of all places you must visit each day
    • BONUS SECTION: In the end, you can find a bonus section for all the TRIP PLANNING RESOURCES you need to plan and book your Jalapão trip, and to make your experience as easy, safe, and fun as possible.

Jalapao Brazil Itinerary & Overview

In two full days, you can get to know the basics of Jalapão, but it is ideal to reserve at least 4 days to cover more attractions and be a less tiring trip.

The more the better, as there will always be a little bit of paradise to know and time to rest in front of so much soft sand.

view the nature on this adventure

Jalapao 5-day Itinerary

DAY 1: Visit the Cathedral Hill/ Swim at Araras Waterfall/ Start to visit the springwater boilers

DAY 2: Start the day soaking in springwater boilers/ Visit a local community/ Formiga Waterfall 

DAY 3: Sunrise at Espirito Santo Hill/ relax by more springwater boilers/ sunset at Jalapão Dunes

DAY 4: Rafting at Velha Waterfall/ Swim at Lajeado Waterfall/ Visit the Sussuapara Canyon/ Sunset at Pedra Furada

DAY 5: Adventure day at Japonês Lagoon

Jalapao Brazil Why you will love it

Jalapão in Brazil is the perfect off-the-beaten-path attraction for nature and adventure lovers.

Here you can find dunes of the finest orange sand, crystal clear rivers, waterfalls, lagoons, mountains with rocky formations, dry land, and even golden grass. Yes, grass with a golden color!

This area offers an incredible array of ecosystems and wildlife, and it is a perfect adventure destination for everyone.

It is far from touristy and is a great opportunity to see Brazil in a new light. While Jalapão isn’t for the faint of heart, the people that do make the journey will remember it for the rest of their lives.

The State Park has very rich fauna and flora. In addition, when visiting Jalapão, you will be able to learn more about the local culture with traditional communities and to practice sports such as sandboarding, rafting, trails, and cycling.

So, leave your telephone at home and enjoy this immersive experience of untouched nature.

Jalapao Brazil Orientation & Map

Jalapão State Park is located on the extreme Eastern end of the state of the Tocantins, in the heart of Brazil.

The whole state park covers 159 thousand hectares and is one of the newest travel destinations in Brazil for those who love adventure and nature.

This remote and isolated region in Brazil, in the north-central state of Tocantins, is larger than Maryland and virtually empty of humans (it has fewer than one inhabitant per square kilometer). In fact, it’s called a desert for this very reason.

Despite difficult access, Jalapão still maintains its original beauty and many Unities of Conservation with sustainable tourism.

Brazil Jalapao map

Jalapao Brazil Need to Know Before you Go

    • Pay attention when buying a tour package: Many companies organize tours and packages to Jalapão leaving from many different parts of the country. It is difficult to get away from this type of trip, but when buying the package, give preference to the agencies located in the Tocantins itself. I work directly with a local tour operator and my readers have a special price. Click below to receive your Promo Code. 
    • You cannot get around without a guide: Roads require a lot of driving skills and there are almost no signs on them. Also, smartphone internet signals don’t work anywhere. So don’t go without a guide even if you have a 4×4 car yourself. If you prefer not to leave your city with a tour package closed, you can easily get a local and experienced guide both in Palmas, the state capital of Tocantins.
    • The Roads are really tough: Something very important to keep in mind is that the roads here are very tough, with roads entirely made out of sand and dirt.
    • Best time to visit: In the rainy season, between October and April, the road is somewhat more compact, but still, the car rocks the whole time. The road gets even more complicated during the dry season when the sand is soft.
    • You need a 4×4 vehicle:  A rental 4×4 vehicle car is indispensable because the chances of the car getting stuck are extremely high, especially in the rainless months.
    • Bring plenty of water: Jalapao is humid and hot and you will need to drink a lot of water. I love my LifeStraw Filtered Water Bottle. I can refill this bottle anywhere and it comes with a carabiner to connect it to my daypack
    • Wear sunscreen: You need to be prepared for a visit to the Jalapao in Brazil. It is sunny almost every day of the year, this sunscreen is my favorite as it is light and non-greasy when you sweat.
    • Pack long sleeves and long pants with UPF 50 protection: The more skin you show, the more you tempt the wet-season skeeters and other biting insects. Wear light hiking pants & great long sleeves shirts for protection. 
    • Wear a hat and sunglasses: You will be visiting a tropical area with lots of strong sunshine. Bring a hat with a good face cover like this one and wear a don’t forget to pack a pair of polarized sunglasses
    • Bring proper shoes: Wear comfortable hiking or walking shoes and leave your heels at home. 
    • Bring your Camera: You are about to visit one of the most beautiful places on the planet, so don’t forget your camera, or check some great options for great value here
    • Travel safe: Don’t forget to buy Travel Insurance. Considering that anything can go wrong with any trip, we don’t want to risk the fun, right? 

Jalapao Brazil What are Fervedouros

Since I am mentioned one of the highlights in Jalapao, let’s start by understanding what are the fervedouros first.  

Fervedouros are freshwater boilers, which are very unique to the Jalapão region and you will have the opportunity to visit and float on many of them, and they are one of the highlights of your trip. 

Fervedouros are natural water pools over a powerful spring, and even if you try, you won’t sink, all you can do is float.

It happens because the pressure exerted by the water that flows from the water table is able to keep people in constant fluctuation, without any effort.

We could compare the phenomenon to the Dead Sea, for example, but it would not be fair, because of the lightness with which floating in Jalapão is incomparable. Feel at ease and sit in the water, literally, to enjoy the moment.

PRO TIPS: Boilers are very sensitive natural phenomena and that is why there are some rules that must be followed, among them: do not step on the edge of the well and avoid the use of repellent and sunscreen. Currently, the boilers are open to the public and there is no regulation for sustainable tourism in the region.

Brazil - travel guide

5 day Itinerary Jalapao National Park

DAY 1 - Visit the Cathedral Hill/ Swim at Araras Waterfall/ Visit some freshwater boilers

CATHEDRAL HILL – Start day 1 of your amazing itinerary to Jalapão, visiting the Serra da Catedral or Cathedral hill. The hill, as the name implies, is shaped like a cathedral and is completely made of sandstone. There are trails that lead to the top, but it takes time (and a guide) to do the hike. The view from the road alone is worth it. A few minutes for photos and contemplation, all on board to proceed to your second stop of the day.

ARARAS WATERFALL –  It is a scenic stop on the way, the water is amazingly green.

FRESHWATER BOILERS (FERVEDOURO) – On my day 1 at the National park of Jalapão, I did a couple of fervedouros.

PRO TIPS: There are some important rules to follow when visiting Jalapão, including avoid using repellent and sunscreen while diving. So once again: let’s be ethical and respect the environment!

Brazil nature beauty
jalapao nature lovers

Fervedouro Bela Vista is the most popular and supports up to 10 people at the same time and in high season receives up to 300 people per day! Like the other boilers, if there is a queue, there is a time limit to enjoy: 20 minutes. It is beautiful, surrounded by banana trees, just like the others, and it is really big and impressive. The fountain has 8 springs, its center is 75 meters deep.

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DAY 2 - Sunrise at Holy Spirit | Adventure day at the Formiga Waterfall

FRESHWATER BOILERS – A perfect start for your day 2 in Jalapão is to start floating on some fervedouros.

VISIT MUMBUCA VILLAGES:  It is a small community descended from escaped slaves known for its handicrafts woven from golden grass that only grows in this region – a technique passed down through generations. Make sure to add the local villages in your itinerary, and also, value and respect the Quilombola communities that live there. Quilombola people have been there for hundreds of years, have a lot of history to tell, culture to teach, and places to show. Remember to support the local communities during your travels.

FORMIGA WATERFALL – Continue your adventure on to the Formiga Waterfall, where emerald green waters tumble over smooth rocks, forming a perfect natural swimming pool shaded by forest. This waterfall cannot be left out of your itinerary, as it is considered one of the 5 most beautiful in Brazil. The color of the water is due to the bottom with limestone sand. In addition, the source is approximately 1.5 meters from the fall, which almost makes it impossible for impurities to get there.

Stop for a home-cooked lunch at another turquoise spring and enjoy the nearby golden beaches on the River Formiga.

Brazil Jalapao for adventure and nature lovers
remote village adventure Brazil
brazil nature adventure water

DAY 3 - Sunrise at Espirito Santo Hill/ Relax by the springwater boilers/ Sunset at Jalapão Dunes

SUNRISE AT ESPIRITO SANTO HILL – The adventure on your day 3 itinerary in Jalpaão starts really early, for a morning hike to see the sunrise from the top of Espírito Santo Hill, 500 meters high, with views over the surrounding landscape. The view is one of the most emblematic in the region, with the combination of green, orange sand, and many sandstone plateaus and in pyramid shapes. The horizon is far away and the visual area is very wide. Taking great pictures is here is irresistible. The hill, located next to the Jalapão Dunes, is a vibrant ecosystem. It offers a stunning view to those who meet the challenge of climbing the trail and reaching the top. The trail takes an average of 50 minutes to the first lookout and another 30 minutes to the second. The best time to go up is around 4 am to watch the sunrise.

VISIT SOME FRESHWATER BOILERS – Stop to soak and float on some fervedouros on your way. 

SUNSET AT JALAPÃO DUNES – Jalapão Dunes is an oasis in the middle of the savannah and has intense golden sand formations. The set of dunes, which are 15 to 20 meters high, is formed due to the erosion of sandstone rocks that form the Serra do Espírito Santo, which together with the action of the wind and other factors always deposit in the same place, giving rise the only dune formation in the Brazilian Cerrado.

PRO TIPS: Descending certain areas, sliding, or jumping on the dunes is not allowed, a measure recently taken to protect the area. In addition, flying drones is prohibited. It is very important to respect the rules of the State Park. There are inspectors at the top of the dunes and they can fine visitors who, for example, throw themselves down the dune wall where access is not allowed. Enjoy the beauty of the place, but also remember to be ethical and preserve it.

Brazil dunes nature adventure
Jalapão Tocantins

DAY 4 - Rafiting at Velha Waterfall/ Swim at Lajeado Waterfall/ Visit the Sussuapara Canyon/ Watch the sunset at Pedra Furada

VELHA WATERFALL – Day 4 on your Jalapão itinerary starts taking a hike on the Garcês trail, originally used by local indigenous people to reach their fields. Arrive at Cachoeira da Velha, the largest waterfall in the Jalapão National Park, at 100 meters wide and 15 meters high, for a refreshing dip and time to relax. It is formed by the waters of Rio Novo, one of the largest drinking water rivers in the world. It is a real sight for visitors, who can get close by walking on the wooden observation platform. Eat a picnic lunch on one of the golden sandy beaches that line the River Novo. The most exciting thing, get ready for the adrenaline hit of afternoon rafting on Class IV rapids. The Rio Novo rapids are ideal for rafting and canoeing, with rapids that can reach class 4.

LAJEADO WATERFALL – Located in an area of fragile ecological balance, this waterfall is formed by two arms of water springs that emerge from paths, which soon gain strength and fall down several steps, forming the waterfall. There are walls of clay rock, which are disintegrating. The open path turns to loose sand. In the summer, during the rains, you can get stuck in the middle of the humid and sandy field. It is better to walk about 2.5 km, from the road.

SUSSUAPARA CANYON – This canyon is literally in the middle of nowhere (it is part of a private farm). The stream cuts all the way to the canyon, which is narrow and has a delicate and imposing formation at the same time. The Sussuapara Canyon is formed by moist walls of about 15 meters high, with many ferns, moss, a small waterfall, and small natural pools. The waterfall is even famous for “making wishes come true”. So, enjoy the energy of the place and focus your mind on everything good you want to attract!

PEDRA FURADA – Pedra Furada shows another greatness of nature in Jalapão. The gigantic sandstone rock formation, which was sculpted by the action of winds and rains, is located in the middle of the cerrado and is a postcard of the region. It is visited a lot during the sunset. But the views are absolutely beautiful at any time of the day. Go around and find a place to admire yet another endless horizon of Jalapão. There is also a small trail that leads to the top of the rock, but you need to go with the guide and be careful. The site has a sandstone massif that was carved by the wind, water, and weather thousands of years ago. The climb is easy and the place is perfect to enjoy every second of the spectacular sunset and the immensity of Jalapão.

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jalapao Brazil hidden gem
Amazing destination Jalapao Brazil

DAY 5 - Visit the Japones Lagoon and explore the underwater cave

JAPONES LAGOON (Lagoa do Japones) – Day 5 on your Jalapão itinerary starts very early, waking up at 4 AM and departing your hotel around 4:45. Depending on the route you take, it can take 4 to 6 hours to reach Lagoa do Japones, which is located almost 155 miles (250 km) from Palmas. The roads are very challenging, and there are points where it is very bad, dirt and it takes skill at the wheel!

This lagoon has crystal clear freshwater, but the big surprise attraction is its beautiful cave. You can go swimming or boating. It is heavenly! The lagoon was named after that owner of the property was Japanese. The color of the water is impressive, a green that can hurt your eyes when the midday sun comes. It is full of logs and stone platforms at the bottom, but which are visible even if you are out of the water, due to its transparency.

After diving from there, visit the cave and get ready to be even more surprised. It is on the right side of the lagoon and is accessible by swimming (not far) or by a small trail between the rocks.

Brazil nature and adventure lovers
nature adventure jalapao Brazil

Jalapao Brazil Final Thougths

By this point, all the talk about access difficulties and the rapid growth of the region may have set you off on why you should visit Jalapao in Brazil.

I’d even be it myself if I was reading this, but Jalapão is certainly one of the most beautiful places in Brazil, and actually on the Planet and well worth the visit.

You just have to take a few steps to prepare for adversity – which is something that goes on in every trip, after all.

The natural landscapes are very diverse, with dunes, waterfalls, and springs that you won’t see anywhere else.

Jalapao is truly breathtaking! If you have any further comments or questions, please leave me on the comment below, and I will be thrilled to know if you decide to use this itinerary to visit Jalapao in Brazil .

brazil nature adventure



The first step is to decide how to get there, as traveling through Jalapão can be a bit tricky. The roads that connect the main attractions are rough and require, a skilled driver and a 4×4 vehicle.

I am one of those travelers who ALWAYS prefer to travel independently, but in the case of Jalapão, I just want to reinforce that the most convenient way to travel is using a travel agency. There are great ones all over the region who organize the expeditions according to your needs.

If you still prefer to travel independently, I am also providing all you need to know.

The best way to travel is to carefully plan the trip to be safe.


There are several airlines flying to Brazil, and you will be flying to a major city international airport. Most likely in Sao Paulo or Rio de Janeiro.

Find great flight deals here, or here and save money for your next fun vacation!

You will need to take a flight to the city of Palmas (Tocantins State) – arrival at the Lysias Rodrigues Airport (PMW).

The airport is the closest to the Jalapão State Park, and it receives daily flights from São Paulo, Goiânia, and Brasília. If you come from another destination, you will certainly have to make a stopover on your route.

Once in Palmas, the Jalapão State Park is a six-hour drive away, around 200 miles to reach it. But upon your arrival in Palmas, you will need to rent a 4×4 and have off-road driving skills.


The main support cities for those who want to visit Jalapão are: Ponte Alta do Tocantins, Mateiros and São Félix do Tocantins.

The three form a circular route that begins and ends in Palmas. The main attractions of Jalapão are among the three cities, especially on TO-130 (Pedra Furada), TO-255 (Sussuapara Canyon, Lajeado Waterfall, Jalapão Dunes, Serra do Espírito Santo, Cachoeira da Velha and Prainha do Rio Novo ) and TO-110 (Cachoeira do Formiga and boilers).

    • Travel with a travel agency: If you decide to visit Jalapão with a travel agency or private guide you do not have to worry about the location of the attractions since the entire route will be carried out by a private guide and driver
    • Travel Independently: If you are planning to drive, you will need to rent a 4×4 vehicle in Palmas. Make sure to book in advance, because the rental offer in the city is low and during holidays and weekends, 4×4 vehicles may be sold out. And as the agencies know that driving in Jalapão is not easy, it can happen that the reservation is denied. Remember that traveling on a sand and dirt road takes much longer compared to pavement roads. The distances that would be short on a regular road, may take up to three times more time just in commuting. Be careful not to be late to places, especially those that require time, such as the sunset in the Dunes of the Jalapão State Park.
Nature Adventure Brazil


    • Traveling with a travel agency: You don’t need to worry about any bookings, as the package includes pick up from the airport and all the transportation is included.
    • Traveling independently: There is no public transportation in Jalapão, you will need to rent a 4×4 car. All roads, without exception, are dirt or sand. During the drought, from May to September, the roads are even more challenging. With soft sand, the chances of bogging the vehicle are even greater.


Jalapao is very isolated and remote. You won’t find big hotel chains, but instead, options for simple accommodations such as Bed & Breakfast style. 

If you are traveling independently to Jalapao, you will need to book your accommodations in Sao Feliz and Mateiros. Below are the best options: 

SAO FELIX ACCOMMODATION:   Pousada Cachoeiras do Jalapão features a bar, garden, barbecue facilities and terrace in São Félix do the Tocantins. Among the facilities of this property are a restaurant, a 24-hour front desk, and room service, along with free WiFi throughout the property

SAO FELIZ ACCOMMODATION: A great option is Jalapao Ecolodge, with a restaurant bar, a garden, and a private beach. You have the option to hire a bike if you want to explore the surrounding areas. A continental breakfast is served daily. 

MATEIROS ACCOMMODATION:  The Pousada Recanto do Jalapao has A/C accommodations with free WiFi and a private bathroom. Continental and buffet breakfast options are available.


If you decide to visit Jalapão with a group tour, take into account that the groups are small and, on holidays and vacations, fill up in advance.

It is important to know that the packages include practically everything from the trip: transfer, accommodation, food, guide, and entrance to attractions. It is up to you to have drinks, separate meals, and one or another tour (like rafting, for example, which is optional).

Services usually include transfers in 4×4 vehicles from Palmas – 152 kilometers from Ponte Alta do the Tocantins, considered the gateway to the park and accessible by a paved road – in addition to walks towards the main attractions, such as the old waterfall, Fervedouro, the Dunes and the Serra do Espírito Santo Viewpoint, all distant from each other and close to the municipality of Madeiros.

The packages also include overnight stays in camps with hot baths and meals.

Click below and get a special PROMO CODE direct to your email. 



Jalapão can be visited all year round. Between May and September, it hardly rains and the sky will be very blue (at least until the burning of the Cerrado begins in mid-September).

To see golden grass in its golden state, visit in September. During the dry season, the days are hot (the closer to September, the hotter) and the nights are cool. In the rainy season, it is less hot during the day, but at night it does not cool.


Whatever you go or do during your traveling, don’t travel anywhere in the world without travel insurance; the unexpected can, and often does, go wrong.

Be it sickness, losing your bag, theft, or even worse, having an accident, travel insurance is your best way of mitigating the issues and saving yourself thousands of dollars down the track. I recommend reliable travel insurance through World Nomads before your trip to Jalapão, Brazil.


    • Fill up: There is no town, people, or any point between Ponte Alta and Mateiros and between Novo Acordo and São Félix. In other words, you can’t get water, food, gasoline, anything. So it is necessary to go carefully and with an extra gallon of fuel.
    • Don’t drive at night: Avoid driving at night. Due to the degree of difficulty and long distances.
    • Distances: Know that the distances between attractions can take 3 times longer than if you were on a paved road.
    • Isolation: The Jalapão has one of the lowest population densities in Brazil: less than one inhabitant per square kilometer
    • NO SUNSCREEN: Do not use sunscreen and tanning lotion before entering the springwater boilers. The water is pure, it comes from the earth and we can even drink it. If you use products there, in addition to contaminating the well, it spoils the beauty of the place.
    • No Cell phone: There is no phone reception or public phones in the region.
    • Have money in hand:  in Mateiros and São Félix, they practically do not accept credit cards! There is also no ATM available.
    • What does Jalapão mean: As a matter of curiosity, the name Jalapão comes from a native plant found in the region, named jalapa, which has been used for medicinal purposes by the local people since they settled there.
    • Sunset: Try to watch the sunset every-single-day you are at Jalapão.

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Hi, I am Paula

Marketer, Blogger & Athlete

I'm a Brazilian native who calls U.S. home.

Travel & be healthy is my philosophy for a happy life balance, and for this purpose, I embarked on a journey to inspire and empower others to seek new adventures and live an active and healthy lifestyle..

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24 thoughts on “Jalapao Brazil: A hidden ecological paradise in Brazil ( Complete guide + Itinerary)

  1. Fernanda says:

    Wonderful and complete blog about a little part of this country. A piece of the planet that all need to know.

  2. Maya says:

    This place looks like heaven on earth! I have always wanted to visit Brazil and somehow didn’t get a chance to go yet. Adding this to the endless Brazil bucket list. Thanks for such a beautiful and detailed post!

  3. Linn says:

    This place looks just perfect and the post is great full of useful information! I will definitely save your post for future reference. Hopefully travel to Brazil will be an option soon again?

  4. Lora says:

    Wow! This place looks unreal. It’s exactly the type of place I look for while traveling! Thank you for sharing, I’ll definitely add this to my list to visit when I go back to Brazil 🙂

  5. April says:

    Wow! I’ve never heard of Jalapao and now I can’t wait to get there. The variety of nature in this one park is astounding and looks like a dream. It’s definitely now on my bucket list. Thank you so much for sharing!

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